Guitars, Basses & Amps

The fingerboard, additionally called the fretboard, is a bit of wood embedded with metallic frets that comprises the top of the neck. It is flat on classical guitars and slightly curved crosswise on acoustic and electrical guitars.

Music Theory

Many our bodies consist of good-sounding, however inexpensive woods, like ash, with a “top”, or thin layer of one other, more engaging wooden (such as maple with a pure “flame” sample) glued to the top of the essential wood. Guitars constructed like this are often known as “flame tops”.

Some older or high-finish instruments have inlays made from mother of pearl, abalone, ivory, colored wooden or different unique supplies and designs. High-end classical guitars seldom have fretboard inlays as a nicely-educated player is expected to know his or her way across the instrument. In addition to fretboard inlay, the headstock and soundhole surround are additionally incessantly inlaid. The producer’s brand or a small design is usually inlaid into the headstock.

Some guitar gamers have used LEDs in the fretboard to produce unique lighting results onstage. Fretboard inlays are mostly shaped like dots, diamond shapes, parallelograms, or large blocks in between the frets. The exceptions embody fretless bass guitars and very rare fretless guitars. Pressing a string against a fret determines the strings’ vibrating length and due to this fact its resultant pitch. The pitch of every consecutive fret is defined at a half-step interval on the chromatic scale.

Most electrical guitar our bodies are manufactured from wooden and embrace a plastic decide guard. Boards extensive sufficient to make use of as a stable body are very expensive due to the worldwide depletion of hardwood inventory for the reason that Seventies, so the wooden is rarely one solid piece. Most bodies are created from two pieces of wood with a few of them together with a seam working down the middle line of the physique. The most common woods used for electrical guitar body building embrace maple, basswood, ash, poplar, alder, and mahogany.

  • Soon after that, Gibson launched the iconic ES-a hundred and fifty, which gave players the perfect of each worlds.
  • Rickenbacker added a pickup to their Hawaiian guitar (also referred to as a lap metal guitar) “Frying Pan” model, and similarly, Gibson added a pickup to their electric Hawaiian EH-one hundred fifty model.
  • They additionally must be heard over the banjos and mandolins on the entrance porch.
  • In the Nineteen Thirties, companies corresponding to Rickenbacker and Gibson started to add guitar pickups to their devices, which allowed musicians to plug them into an amplifier for added volume.

Other alternative supplies to wood are utilized in guitar physique construction. Some of those embody carbon composites, plastic material, similar to polycarbonate, and aluminum alloys. Dots are normally inlaid into the upper edge of the fretboard in the identical positions, small enough to be seen solely to the player. These usually seem on the odd numbered frets, but additionally on the 12th fret (the one octave mark) as a substitute of the eleventh and 13th frets.

Standard classical guitars have 19 frets and electrical guitars between 21 and 24 frets, although guitars have been made with as many as 27 frets. Frets are laid out to accomplish an equal tempered division of the octave. The twelfth fret divides the scale size precisely into two halves, and the twenty fourth fret position divides a kind of halves in half again.


The physique is usually carved or routed to simply accept the opposite parts, such as the bridge, pickup, neck, and different digital elements. Most electrics have a polyurethane or nitrocellulose lacquer finish.

Rosette designs range from easy concentric circles to delicate fretwork mimicking the historic rosette of lutes. Bindings that edge the finger and sound boards are typically inlaid. Some devices have a filler strip running down the size and behind the neck, used for strength or to fill the cavity through which the truss rod was installed within the neck. The typical places for inlay are on the fretboard, headstock, and on acoustic guitars around the soundhole, known as the rosette. Inlays vary from easy plastic dots on the fretboard to intricate works of art masking the whole exterior surface of a guitar (front and back).